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"More light" scroll rapid composition method

多轻快的滚动快速作文法

 

l        黄上庚

 

              "More light" scroll rapid composition method

                                                          huangshanggeng

 

传统的单篇作文教学给作文教学带来的痼疾是——少慢差费,每学年的课时很多,但对学生而言收效甚微。The traditional time to bring the composition teaching the composition teaching vulnerability is -- less slow poor fee, every school year many, but the class of student colour-blindness.

这也是当前作文教学所面临的困境,作为语老师,我们必须从这种被动环境中走出来,给作文教学一个更为精彩的舞台。This is also present in the thesis teaching dilemmas, as a language teacher, we must from this passive environment to come out, give the composition teaching a more splendid stage.

    单篇的作文教学,教师注重的是写作方法、技巧的指导与传授,而忽视了对学生写作思维的培养。在作文教学过程中,要注重学生思维发展的规律,教学和训练要有梯度,可以把构思、修改、点评、反思纳入作文课堂,要学生大胆地说、写、评、思,突出学生在课堂上的主体地位。这里介绍一种省时高效的作文教学法——滚动快速作文法。其突出特点主要体现在以下几个方面:At one time the composition of the teaching, the teacher attention is writing methods and skills of guidance and transmission, and neglecting the cultivation of students' writing thinking. In the thesis teaching process, should pay attention to students' thinking the development rule of the teaching and training should have gradient, can change the idea, modification, critiques, reflection into classroom, students to composition bold to speak, write and evaluation, thoughts, outstanding students in class's main body status. Here introduces a time-saving efficient composition teaching - rolling quickly composition method. Its outstanding characteristic mainly reflects in the following aspects:

 

 

                                 more

 

一、兴趣调动。兴趣是写作的动力,有了动力,学生就有了写作的热情,有了热情,学生的作文才会畅所欲言,才会有创新、有活力。1.信息交流多。由于滚动快速作文法在训练形式上的创新,多篇作文循环做,每次作文训练,都有6个单元的信息交流,使得课堂信息量大增。学生思想火花碰撞的机会增多,多角度探讨问题的机会增多。创造性的构思比较活跃,学生成就感通过滚动一次一次增强。2.竞赛形式多。由于滚动快速作文设计了快速构思评比栏、字数评比栏、时间评比栏、点评评比栏、反思评比栏,用制度保证了多元化的竞赛。学生获得表扬的机会增多,自然就喜欢作文了。3.滚动快速作文由于设计了学案,学生对自己每次滚动训练的内容了如指掌,都在课前做好了准备,所以对上课发言不会感到突然,学生都有准备,因而发言积极。由于滚动快速作文的发言是在学生训练之后,他们先写了,有话可说,有话要说,因此课上争先恐后地发言。

A, interest transfer. Interest is the writing of power, had the power, the student had writing passion, enthusiasm, a student compositions will speak freely, just can have innovation and energetic. 1. The information exchange. Due to rapid composition method in rolling training form of innovation, many composition cycle, each composition training, do have six units of information exchange, and make classrooms information soar. Students' thoughts of the collision of the increased opportunities from various angles, to investigate the problem of increased opportunities. Creative conception is more active, the student achievement through enhanced scroll again. 2. Competition. Form Due to the rapid rolling quickly composition design conception appraisals column and column, time comparison draws appraisals column, commenting on comparison column and column, with reflection appraisal system guarantee the pluralistic competition. The student to obtain the praise the increased opportunities, natural like composition. 3. Composition due to design the rolling quickly learn case, students to oneself each scroll training contents before class, so all ready, so to speak in class will not feel suddenly, students have prepared, thus speak actively. Due to rapid composition speech was rolling in the student after training, first they wrote, have words to say, have words to say, therefore class competitively speech.

二、思维流程。单篇作文教学,老师往往只训练作文的铺写这个思维流程,作文构思、作文修改、作文反思几个思维流程没有得到有效训练,多篇作文教学用制度保证了作文所有的思维流程得到有效训练,收到了很好的效果。1.思考多。多篇作文循环作,一个学期的作文同时写,每次每个单元的作文都引起学生的思考,学生通过滚动,在反复学习中提高了构思水平,达到快速构思的目的。2.循环多。由于学生在每一次滚动作文中都学习不同单元内容,在铺写的时候直接把前一次的作文技巧运用到本次作文当中。每滚动训练一次,作文质量就提高一次。3.点评多。本作文法设计了三个学生的点评栏目。每个人要求点评3个人的作文,每个人的作文要有3个人的点评,学生点评的是多个单元的内容,接受的是多个单元的信息,从而掌握了多个单元的作文写作方法。4.反思多。本作文法设计了作者反思栏,把反思作为一个教学环节来落实,使学生对作文的反思由不自觉到自觉,提高了反思的质量。5.展示多。以前学生写的作文展示很不方便。本作文法的优点:一是改变形式使老师浏览批改很方便,老师在课堂上可以快速地指出学生的错误,学生马上纠正。二是学生相互批改方便、快速,学生只要按照格式来写,整齐划一,文面美观。三是作文纸可以装订成册,批改后在班内展示。四是及时推荐优秀作文给各种报刊发表,这是最高级的展示。Second, thinking processes. At one time the composition teaching, teachers often only training composition writing this thinking processes, shop composition composition conception, modify, composition reflection several thinking processes is not effectively training, many composition teaching with the system guarantee the composition all the thinking processes effectively training, has received the good effect. 1. Thinking. Many composition cycle, a semester at the same time, every time writing the composition of each unit composition all arouse students' thinking, the student through rolling repeatedly in learning to improve level, and achieve rapid conception conception of purpose. 2. Circulation. Because the student in every rolling composition in learning different units content, in shop write directly to the first composition skills to the composition of. Each scroll training time, improve quality of a composition. 3. Comments. This composition method designed three students' comments on columns. Everyone request comment on three individuals composition, everybody's composition have to have 3 personal comments, the student point comment is more than one unit, the content is acceptable for the multiple units of information, and thus mastered multiple units composition writing methods. 4. Reflection. This composition design method, the author reflection column reflection as a teaching link to implement, enables the student to the composition of reflection by unconscious consciously, improves the quality of reflection. 5. Display. Before the student write the composition of the display is not easy. This composition method of advantage: a is to change form teacher corrects browsing is very convenient, the teacher in the classroom can be quickly pointed out that students' errors, students immediately correct. 2 it is convenient, fast correcting students' mutual, students as long as you follow format to write, neat and tidy, wen face is beautiful. Three is a thesis paper can binder, grade displayed after class. Four is timely recommend good composition is to various newspapers published, this is the highest display.

 

 

light

  

一 、老师:1.讲课任务轻。单篇作文教学,教师在指导和讲评时,大讲特讲,学生听得茫茫然。究其原因,是因为老师讲解的知识只是自己或参考资料上的知识,不是学生学习的起点,学生就没有多少兴趣。多篇作文教学,教师是在学生训练的基础上讲解,因而能突出重点、难点的讲解,因为滚动快速作文法有重复讲解的机会,所以每次教师的讲解时间很短,学生收获又大,因此有成就感。2.批改负担轻。单篇作文教学,很多教师为了解决课外批改效率低的问题,采用学生批改的方法,但却有很多学生不会批改,这正是单篇作文的局限性。多篇作文教学破解了这个难题。多篇作文老少教学同时训练了学生对作文要求、重点难点、作文误区、作文技巧的了解与掌握,因此学生对每个单元的内容都很熟悉,批改起来效率很高。课堂上老师高效地面批面改,然后学生互改,当堂反思,当堂完成了作文的思维流程。First, the teacher: 1. Lecture task light. At one time the composition teaching, the teacher in the guidance and evaluation, talking about, the students listen is blankly. The reason is that the teacher explained the knowledge is only yourself or reference material of knowledge, not student learning starting point, the student has not much interest. Many composition teaching, the teacher in the student is based on the training of the explanation, and can therefore highlight key points and difficulties in the interpretation of the rolling quickly, because composition method has repeated explanation opportunity, so each teacher's explanation for a short time, the student harvest and big, therefore has the sense of achievement. 2. Correcting the burden lighter. The composition teaching time, many teachers in order to solve the problem of low efficiency of extracurricular correcting, using the method of correcting the students, but there are many students are not revise, this is one time composition limitations. Many composition teaching cracked the puzzle. Many composition, old and young teaching simultaneously train students in composition requirements, key points and difficulties, composition erroneous zone, the composition of understanding and mastering skills, so students for each unit of content are familiar, and corrects up the efficiency is very high. Teachers in the classroom efficiency ground batch of surface changes, then students mutual change, classroom reflection, classroom completed composition the thinking processes.

 

二、学生:1.听课任务轻。现在的课堂教学,很多教师都是采用灌输式的,学生被动地接受,致使学生很疲劳,学生把听课当作一种负担。滚动快速作文教学法,课堂上采用先学后教的方法,让学生先下水,通过搜集素材、交流学习、观察调查等多种方式激发学生的写作兴趣,在实践的基础上再进行指导。这样使学生愿听、想听、乐听。听课负担自然就轻。2.课业负担轻。单篇作文教学,两节课学生还完成不了任务,教学流程很长。有些老师布置课后作文,学生在家里由于没有竞争意识,完成得更慢。多篇作文教学,两节课完成了所有的作文教学思维流程,师生课堂高效运转,课后没有作文的任务,节省了课堂时间,提高了效率。Second, student: 1. The lecture task light. Now of classroom teaching, many teachers are using non-computer majors, students passively accept, causes the student is very tired, student class as a burden. Scroll rapid composition teaching method, class after using first learn the method taught, lets the student first "water", through collecting material, exchange learning, investigate and so on many kinds of ways inspire students' interest in writing, on the basis of practice again for guidance. So make students want to listen to, want to listen, listen to music. Lectures burden naturally light. 2. Schoolwork burden lighter. The composition teaching time, two classes students couldn't finish the task, teaching process is very long. Some teachers decorate the take-home essay, students at home with no competition consciousness, complete more slowly. Many composition teaching, two classes finished all the composition teaching thinking processes, the teachers and students class run more efficiently, lesson no composition task, save the class time, improve efficiency.

 

 

                                         fast

 

一、快速:1.构思快。学生运用滚动快速关键词谱系表就可以很快地把材料由点构成线,由线构成面,由面构成体,完成一篇文章的构思。2.铺写快。滚动快速作文法设计了字数标记和快速作文时间栏,有了竞赛机制,学生全神贯注地投入,提高了写作速度。3.点评快。滚动快速作文法给每个学生的点评设计80个字的内容,不能多写,注意语言的精练。使学生在比较短的时间内完成点评任务。4.反思快。设计当堂反思是本作文法的一个亮点。学生快速点评后,作者本人对点评分出甲乙丙三个等级,然后写反思。反思规定只写60个字,注意突出反思的重点,不要面面俱到。A, fast: 1.the idea fast. Students use scroll rapid keywords pedigree table can quickly put the material by dot, line by line constitute constitutes a face, body, complete by surface constitute an article conception. 2 write quickly spread. Scroll rapid design method the words marks composition composition and fast time bar, a competition mechanism, students enthusiastically investment, improve the writing speed. 3. Comment on fast. Scroll rapid composition method for each student's comments on design 80 words, cannot write more content, pay attention to the language proficiency. So that students in a relatively short period of time to finish comment on task. 4. Reflection fast. Design the spot is reflection one of the highlights of this composition method. Students rapid review after, the author himself comment on three levels ethylene-propylene ceded armour, and then write reflection. Reflection rule only write 60 words, with emphasis on the key, do not reflect all parties.

二、快乐:1.有成就感的快乐。学生自己在二十多分钟内完成600字的任务,因而大大激发了学生的作文兴趣,通过教师热情真诚的表扬,学生及时得到自己的进步,激励他们更上一层楼,不断提高作文能力。快速作文的速度要求,95%以上的学生都能适应。 2.高效率带来的快乐。教师在两节课里完成了所有的作文教学流程,学生的能力得到了提高,尤其是主动意识(主动参与、主动学习、主动发展的意识),主体意识(自信心、感觉自我、认识自我),创新意识(不同的角度、独特见解、敢标新立异)都不同程度地得到了发展。滚动快速作文,以其全新的思路,将构思、铺写、修改、点评、反思融为一体,五个环节集中在两节课内,一气呵成;追求大容量、快节奏、高效率,学生无后顾之优,教师无繁批之苦,教学如此,岂不快哉!Second, happy: 1. Have a sense of achievement of happiness. Students' own in more than 20 minutes to finish the task of 600 words, thus greatly stimulated student compositions, through teacher enthusiasm sincere interest in praise, students to get their own progress and inspire them "more upward", continuously improve the composition ability. The speed of fast composition requirements, 95% students can adapt. 2. Efficient brought joy. Teachers in two classes in finished all the composition teaching process, the student's ability have improved, especially in active consciousness (active participation, active learning, active development of consciousness), subject consciousness (self-confidence, feeling self, self-awareness), innovative consciousness (different angles, unique views, dare to do STH unconventional or unorthodox) the varying degree obtained the development. Scroll rapid composition, with its new ideas, will conceive, spread to write, modification, critiques, reflection is an organic whole, five links concentrated in two in-class letup;, Pursuit of large capacity, fast, high efficiency, students without the franchisers from worries, teachers without numerous batch of bitterness, teaching so, not quick zai!

 

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